Rato Machindranath Jatra, Bunga Dyah Jatra in Newari is the God of Rain of Hindus and Buddhists. Patan city of Kathmandu Valley celebrates this festival just before the monsoon.
The festival is the longest chariot procession in the country and is one of the greatest events in the city.
The devotees prepare a beautiful and special chariot from the bamboo and woods for this festival which holds the idol of the deity. Now a group of devotees pulls the chariot to get a glimpse of the deity present in the Chariot.
This chariot festival is celebrated in accordance with the lunar calendar, therefore the date of the festival is changeable. It starts on the fourth day of the bright fortnight of Bachhalā, the seventh month in the lunar Nepal Sambat calendar.
Rato Machindranath Jatra is the longest-running chariot celebration in Nepal. People celebrated this festival with expectations of the good rainfall which at last will prompt a great harvest. The celebration initiates with the construction of a 32 feet high chariot made out of cane, bamboo, wood in Pulchowk, Lalitpur.
In addition, Bhoto Jatra, which actually signifies “vest celebration”, is the peak of the chariot procession of Bunga Dyah Jatra. According to Newari the Jatra ought to be considered as Pwaklo Jatra on the grounds that Pwaklo alludes to Vest while Bhoto has sleeves.
On the fourth and the last day, the chariot comes to Jawlakhel. On that day a huge number of individuals crowd to observe the excellent Bhoto on display. People believe that getting a glimpse of the Bhoto brings great luck.
At someday, the farmer had come to Jawalakel to watch the chariot pulling celebration. There he saw somebody wearing his missing garment. A squabble created over the vest, and since neither one of the parties could demonstrate proprietorship. After that, the people come to the conclusion that the Bunga Dyah will keep the undershirt. Until the legitimate proprietor comes to guarantee it with sufficient evidence. Since that time, the vest has been shown to the public yearly.
The living goddess Kumari of Patan additionally shows up in Jawalakhel to watch Bhoto Jatra. She watches the function of a special rest house. As astrologers pickups the auspicious date of the Bhoto Jatra, so the date is changeable.
After the celebration of the festival, the people dismantle the parts of the chariot and keep for the following year. Then they take the deity Rato Machhendranath to a temple in the close by town of Bungamati. Bungamati is the second home of the deity Machindranath. Now here, the deity spends the next six months.