With the start of Monsoon, Nepal each year celebrates the National Paddy Day (Dhan Diwas), on Asar 15, (during end of June). People all over the country celebrates this day by planting rice seedlings on their rice field.
This day marks the official beginning of paddy plantation which is called “Ropai” in Nepali. Nepal had marked Asar 15 as National Paddy Day since 2005.
Along with the plantation of rice seedlings, Nepali also celebrates Paddy Day by feast of Dahi Chiura (combination of Curd and Beaten rice), splashing muddy water, singing, and dancing. Special kind of traditional song known as Asare geet is sang by the people while planting the seed.
Nepal is Agriculture dominated country, and about 80% of the economy of Nepal depends on Agriculture. Due to lack of proper irrigation channel, most of the part of the country has to depend on the rain water of Monsoon season for rice seedling plantation.
Only about 25% of total cultivation area is covered by irrigation facility and in such region rice plantation is done twice a year.
Monsoon directly affects the economy of the country. The year with favourable monsoon season improves the agricultural product providing positive effort on the national economic growth rate for the year.
The day is also grandly celebrated in Pokhara. Beside rice seedling plantation, people also celebrates this day on Pokhara by performing other activities which includes fishing in muddy water, running the ox on the field, singing folk songs and with the feast of Dahi Chiura ( Curd and Beaten Rice).
Paddy Day (Ropai Festival) has pulled up the attention of a large number of the international tourist as the way of exchanging culture and familiarizing with locals.
Also festivals such as Janai purnima, Gaijatra and Ropai Jatra all fall during Monsoon in Nepal. So Monsoon is the best season to experience agricultural activities, unique lifestyle of Nepali people.